Education 2

Causes of flaws in education in developing countries:

Education is a pillar for sustainable development in the whole world. The main reason of difference between developing and under developing countries is education system. Developing countries like Pakistan have main issue of poor education system. Pakistan is known as 6th populous country of the world. The current population rate of Pakistan is 220.9 million and the birth rate is 28.5/1000. But it has 58% literacy rate which is very low. Children who are not going to school are 6.7million in which 67% are girls.

Pakistan education system consists on primary, middle, secondary, intermediate and university levels. It includes government and private schools, colleges and universities. Following are the main problems related to the education in Pakistan.

⦁ Pakistan’s vocational education and training (TVET) system is facing multiple challenges including access, quality, equity and relevance to industry. Even the graduates of the institutes find it hard to get jobs because the training system is outdated and the quality of education is not up to the mark. This adversely impacts youth seeking meaningful employment.

⦁ The distribution of funds for education is very low in contrast to other countries. It ranges 1.5 to 2.5% of the total GDP.

⦁ There are many agencies and policies at national and international level for education but due to lack of implementation on policies and strategies leads to poor education system in Pakistan.

⦁ There is lack of professional and trained teachers and also poor communication among students and teachers.

⦁ Limited field are offered in the curriculum and mostly students cannot choose their field according to their interest.

⦁ There is no unity in the curriculum in all institution due to financial difference. Nation Education System includes matriculation and intermediate while in many others institutions have British Education System which includes O level and A level. This problem leads to the confusion in overall education system.

⦁ Education considered as a business in Pakistan. Students have poor perception towards education. The just pass their exams to get degree for the job but do not become active participate in the society.

⦁ The syllabus is not updated according to the new technologies and techniques introducing in the world.

⦁ There is lack of practical work due to lack of laboratories and other minimum resources for experiments. Therefore, students cannot get skills and quality education.

⦁ Poverty also is a major issue in Pakistan. It is difficult to access the education for poor people.


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Martins, A. A., Mata, T. M., & Costa, C. A. (2006). Education for sustainability: challenges and trends. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 8(1), 31-37.
Dib, C. Z. (1988, October). Formal, non‐formal and informal education: concepts/applicability. In AIP conference proceedings (Vol. 173, No. 1, pp. 300-315). American Institute of Physics.
Kioupi, V., & Voulvoulis, N. (2019). Education for sustainable development: A systemic framework for connecting the SDGs to educational outcomes. Sustainability, 11(21), 6104.
Ahmad, I. (2014). Critical Analysis of the Problems of Education in Pakistan: Possible Solutions. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 3(2), 79-84.

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